Succession Stories

A recent assessment conducted by the US Forest Service projects that in the next hundred years boreal forests, such as the ones that characterize iconic sites in Minnesota, may give way to a mix of broadleaf species. Given the pace and way that the climate is changes coniferous forests and feet of snow may be…

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Forestry Forecasting

Forests and trees are, as we have talked about here many times, vital to the environment; trees improve air and water quality, provide habitat and forage for wildlife, help mitigate erosion, act as sinks for carbon dioxide, provide necessary shade and aid in cooling property and impermeable surface and the list goes on and on.…

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Fall Color Calendar

On the Topic of Turn… The coming of fall brings on all kinds of changes, back to school, back to work, cooler temperatures, sweaters and boots, and trees turn. People flock from miles around to places known for their breathtaking fall foliage. “Leaf-peeping” is so popular there are tours available, special getaway packages and towns…

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Xeric Gardening Gains

Xeriscaping or xeric gardening is a concept first developed in Colorado with the idea of creating gardens that are both water use efficient and attractive. The actual word “xeriscape” comes from the Greek word xeros meaning dry and scape which literally means “scene”. Although this requires utilizing plants that are drought resistant, or adapted to naturally…

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Shifting Soil Sites

When we think of soil we all picture what is beneath our feet, but researcher Camila Tejo Haristoy is studying soil that forms in forest canopies, referred to as canopy or arboreal soil. Canopy soil develops when epiphytic plants(a plant that grows above the ground, supported non-parasitically by another plant or object, and deriving its nutrients and water from rain,the air, dust, etc.; air plant; aerophyte) begin to decompose. The formation of these soils, as with ground soils, is also aided by bacteria…

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Preservation by the People

For a long time we have employed a means of protecting sensitive and valuable ecosystems by sending in teams of scientists who evaluate it, delineate boundaries and put monitoring and protection plans into place, making policing these properties necessary. Another idea that is gaining popularity is the establishment of the land’s carbon capacity and offering…

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Aspen Adjournment

In Idaho and several other western states the iconic stands of aspen trees are disappearing. They also happen to be the most widespread tree in North America, you can still see the unmistakable groves, especially in the fall, only now some conifer species are moving in. Normally this wouldn’t be cause for alarm, it would…

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pH Presence

Soil pH is an indication of the level of acidity or alkalinity present in soil measured in pH units. Technically defined soil pH is the negative logarithm of the hydrogen ion concentration. The pH scale goes from 0 to 14 where 7 is considered neutral pH, below 7 (7-0) the soil is becoming more acidic and…

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